Category: Native Species List

This is a photographic record of native wildlife and plant species we have found on our property.

Blotched Blue-tongue Lizard (Tiliqua nigrolutea)

Sometimes, standing still in the bush brings the wildlife to me. On Friday I had found a fallen branch and was standing, thinking about ways of photographing it – the branch was very large. After a few minutes, I heard shuffling sounds in the undergrowth. Expecting an echidna to emerge, I quietly turned around, camera poised. When the Blue-tongue Lizard…

Frog Spawn

The Banjo Frogs were calling loudly from the dam in the middle of October.  A day or two later, lots of frog spawn appeared on the surface of the water.  I am guessing we will have a healthy population of Banjo Frogs next year. While I have not seen tadpoles in the dam in previous years, we have always had…

Rush-leaf Sun-Orchid (Thelymitra juncifolia) vs. Spotted Sun-Orchid (Thelymitra ixioides)

For many years I have been photographing the Spotted Sun Orchid (Thelymitra ixioides) on our property. I was aware that there was a variation in colour and often in the location of the spots.  Recently, with the help of ‘Bush Gems’ an excellent reference to Victoria’s orchids by Gary Backhouse, I realise there are two species of Sun Orchids located in our region which have spots – the second species being Rush-leaf Sun Orchid Thelymitra juncifolia). Backhouse mentions that Thelymitra jucifolia was first described in 1840 but due to the similarities this species has with  Thelymitra ixioides, it is often overlooked.

Reading through the descriptions of both species, I can see why the Rush-Leaf Sun-Orchid is often confused with and identified as the Spotted Sun-Orchid.  It seems the distinctions are quite fine. Backhouse says:

  • Rush-leaf Sun-Orchids have fewer yellow glands on the column
  • Spotted Sun-Orchids are larger
  • Spotted Sun-Orchids have well-defined spots while Rush-leaf Sun-Orchids have more blurred edges (although both can have few spots or no spots)
  • The tufts on the lateral lobes are generally sparser on the Rush-leaf Sun-orhid
  •  As the flowers of both species grow, the number of yellow glands increases, so this is not a reliable identifier on its own.

As today was blustery and I could not go out and try to photograph the opening sun-orchids, I decided to check back through photograps I had taken in previous years. I think we have both species, but getting to the point of saying “This is definitely a Rush-leaf Sun-Orchid and this is definitely a Spotted Sun-Orchid is tricky. More photographs are required.

Just to add to the confusion, in her text ‘Flora of the Otway Plain and Ranges 1” – one of my favourite references to identify plants – Enid Mayfield calls Thelymitra juncifolia the Large-spotted Sun-Orchid.

For now, I am just going to post a gallery of photographs I have taken on our property of Sun-orchids with spots.  I will continue to try to distinguish between these species. If you have any suggestions for further reading on this topic I would be keen to hear about it.

Purple Beard-orchid (Calochilus robertsonii)

Another orchid to make a first appearance in 2017 was the Purple Beard-orchid.  Two separate plants grew right on the edge of the walking track at the back of our property, and another two on a cleared section near the Brown-clubbed Spider-orchids.  We had seen one Red Beard-orchid in a different area in 2013, and nothing in between. Knowledgeable orchid…

Plain-Lip Spider-orchid (Caladenia clacigera)

We primarily have Brown Clubbed Spider-orchids on our property, but in October 2017 I photographed this Plain-Lip Spider-orchid.  Among a few straggly bracken stems, there were two Plain-lip Spider-orchids, squat and dark compared to the brightly coloured Brown-Clubbed Spider-orchids with their green combs. I missed the orchid season last year, so I don’t know if they were there in 2018.…


Mystery Leaves (6 Photos) Can You Identify This Plant?

I am looking for some assistance here. For the last three years I have watched this patch of what I think are Chiloglottis leaves grow and then curl up in late Spring/early Summer. I haven’t seen any flowers grow on them.  The leaves are growing beneath a mature eucalyptus tree approximately halfway between the house and the dam, on the…

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